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Cysts are common and, although cysts do not pose any danger to the partient they may be painful, irritating and embarrassing.
Cysts can be removed quite simply, the cost of removal is around £400.
Types of skin cyst
Epidermoid cysts (one of the main types) are commonly found on the face, neck, chest, shoulders or skin around the genitals.
They affect young and middle-aged adults, and are particularly common in people with acne. They do not usually run in families.
Cysts that form around hair follicles are known as pilar cysts. They’re often found on the scalp.
Pilar cysts typically affect middle-aged adults, particularly women. Unlike epidermoid cysts, they run in families.
A cyst that forms on the eyelid is called a chalazion or meibomian cyst.
Why do cysts form?
Some of the cells in the top layer of skin produce keratin, a protein that gives skin its strength and flexibility.
Normally, these cells move up to the surface of the skin as they start to die so they can be shed.
But the cells sometimes move deeper into your skin and multiply, forming a sac.
They secrete keratin into the middle of the sac, which forms a thick, yellow paste. This can ooze out of the cyst if it’s burst.
Anyone can develop a skin cyst, but you’re more likely to have one if you have been through puberty, you have a history of acne, or you have injured the skin (for example, if you have damaged a hair follicle).
Skin cysts are not contagious.